You will be lucky to have an amber stone with fossil in it. Amber stone is not actually a stone. It was made by resin of 30 to 320 million years pine tree. The resin trapped many small animals into it. That is where the fossil inside the amber stone comes from. Not all amber has many fossils in it, and that is why the fossil one is more expensive than none.
Amber usually found in sand and clay soil in ancient lagoon or delta of a river. That is why amber is actually not stone. But many people still refer this, and well known, as stone. Usually the color is orange, but there also other color such as black, blue and yellow.
Origin of Amber Stone
As mentioned before, amber stone was made from tree resin. Back in Upper Carboniferous period or about 320 million years ago is the oldest noticeable amber. Upper Carboniferous period until early Cretaceous period amber was found without fossils.
After that period, many fossils of flower plant, insect, animal hair and many more can be found inside amber stone. In facts, amber was studied for extinct insect species since there are more than 1000 insect species has found in it. But not all resin can survive and became umber stone.
Resin was made by the tree to protect them self from injury of broken branch or disease caused by insect and fungi. The first time the resin comes out of the tree is in form of liquid. These liquids have an odd fragrant that invite insects and other little animals and when they near it, they cannot get away from this sticky resin. The more they try to move, the deeper they get.
That is why some amber stone contains with many insects and little animals. There are flies, ants, gnats, wasps, bees, spider, amoeba, or even little lizard, frogs, centipedes, and scorpions. Not only animals, the resin also capture pine needle, pine cone seeds, flowers, stems, mushroom caps, and ever fur and feather.
Amber Stone Old Glory
In the old days, the fascination of amber stone was known back in 8000BC at the Stone Age. Ancient man use amber for supernatural and daily rituals as well as use it for beads and pendants as their adornment. The amber stone glory was well known in the Romans Empire.
Emperor Nero gave this stone high appreciation to compare more valuable than a healthy human slave. The use of this stone also discovered in Egyptian mummies. The use of this precious material spread out through ancient culture such as Greeks, Assyrian, Etruscans and Phoenicians.
Amber stone also believed to have supernatural power. Some people consider this stone can bring good luck, strength, joy, and even love. In fact black amber stone was given high valuable price because it was believed to be able to protect from snake, black magic, drive off devil and even cursing the enemies. Not only that based on European legend many sorcerers and magicians are using amber to enhance more power.
The use of amber stone
Since the Stone Age, amber stone was believed to have the power of cure and use it in their supernatural activity. In ancient Greece, amber was used as medicine to some disease. Not only those, the smoke from burning amber stone consider being able to make the immune system stronger, refresh the mind and relax the body. Ancient China also burn amber to celebrate large festivities. In the 19th century amber was consider as sure or help healing tuberculosis, heat, rheumatism, and hysteria.
Aside from use it as flesh stone, amber stone often used in its other forms. This stone is very soft. If it count with Mohs scale, scale for gemstone durability and hardness, in count of 1 the softest and 10 the hardest, amber stone get 2.5 to 3 point. That is why some culture prefers to burn it.
To get amber stone essence, it needs to be carefully heated. It will produce oil and smoke. But perfumeries in modern days not originally use essence of amber to produce the perfume. Instead they use the word amber to describe musky, warm, honey-like, oriental and earthy feelings.
Amber can be differentiating with other stone. It has the ability to become electron. When amber was rub with cloth especially wool, it has ability to attract small things such as dust, papers, feathers and grass. Unlike other stone that drawn into water; amber can float in salty water. The most valuable amber comes from Baltic Sea and Dominican Republic. While surprisingly, the biggest amber stone ever known is from Burma which is called Retinite and has 33 pounds weight.